It’s come to this. I will continue to cut and pull, but I am increasing my arsenal (literally) of defense against bittersweet and back swallow-wort. Carl Sawyer and I walked the meadow this evening to determine an herbicide plan.
I’ll keep a log of plant IDs elsewhere. Suffice it to say here: Carl identified lots of plants but found about as many for which we’ll have to consult Newcomb’s. He’s interested in keeping bees. Maybe we can swap his botanical knowledge for my bee keeping experience.